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Anastasia A. Pometun, Anna A. Shirokova, Natalia P. Galanicheva, Leonid A. Shaposhnikov, Denis L. Atroshenko, Evgenii V. Pometun, Vladimir I. Tishkov, Svyatoslav S. Savin

Highly stable mutant bacterial format dehydrogenase with improved catalytic properties


Abstract. NAD+-dependent formate dehydrogenase (FDH, EC from methylotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas sp.101 (PseFDH) has one of the highest thermal stability among all known enzymes of this group. The introduction of a number of amino acid substitutions into PseFDH made it possible to obtain a multipoint mutant PseFDH SM4S enzyme with even higher temperature and chemical stability. Previously, we showed that the introduction of additional single point replacements S131A, or S160A, or E170D into PseFDH SM4S led to further stabilization of the enzyme. In this work, based on the PseFDH SM4S S131A mutant, new mutant FDHs obtained, in which, compared to PseFDH SM4S, we added double S131A/E170D (M2), triple S131A/S160A/E170D (M3) and quadruple S131A/S160A/ E170D/S145A (PseFDH SM4A M3) amino acids replacements. The new PseFDH mutants were overexpressed in E. coli cells, purified and characterized. The S131A/E170D and S131A/S160A/E170D changes provided further improving thermal stability. The introduction of the S145A substitution into PseFDH SM4S M4 leads to a significant decrease in KMNAD+ and KMHCOO while maintaining the catalytic constant at the same level. This mutant form can be successfully used in NADH regeneration systems, as well as for the detection of NAD+ and formate in biological systems.
Key words: formate dehydrogenase, Pseudomonas sp.101, catalytic properties, thermal stability, site-directed mutagenesis
Moscow University Chemistry Bulletin.
2023, Vol. 64, No. 2, P. 99

Copyright (C) Chemistry Dept., Moscow State University, 2002
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